Common Questions about Counselling, Therapy and Mental Health
How common are mental Health Problems in Scotland?
Between 2012-2015 15% of adults reported symptoms of a mental health problem. Depression and anxiety are the most commonly reported conditions.
Can I get free counselling and therapy in Scotland?
Free counselling is available through the NHS and many smaller organisations and charities. There are low intensity options like peer support groups and even online courses as well as traditional self help books. The advantage of paying for therapy is that you can choose the therapist, type of therapy, the time, length and intensity of support and how quickly you get it. Some employers provide therapy and insurance companies may fund a course of therapy. We invest time and money in many things in our lives for example; time in education or money on lifestyle conveniences. How much time and money do we invest on ourselves, our relationships and what gives us a sense of meaning and purpose? How much of what we invest now will we value in years to come?
What is CBT?
CBT stands for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. Its a talking therapy that works with our thinking and action. Traditional Cognitive Therapy work with unhelpful thinking such is distortions or exaggerations. For example an anxious person might make an overestimation of threat and an underestimation of their ability to cope with it. More recent Cognitive work looks at the nature of thinking rather than examining the content. For example learning to be more objective in identifying worrying or rumination. Behaviour can either change how we feel ie increasing activity to lift depression, reducing compulsion by altering behaviour like in OCD or by testing ideas like gathering evidence to contradict anxious thoughts about people judging us. Psychoeducation is a big part of CBT. Usually it is a time limited therapy with specific goals with the ultimate aim of educating and empowering the client to become their own therapist.
Does research prove that therapy works?
Some modes of therapy have been researched more than others. Types of therapy like CBT can be more easily made procedural and so will more often be evidenced with quantitative research. Therapies that can be standarised and proven as effective by randomised controlled trial are most likely to be used by large organisations such as the NHS or work place support. There are many other modes of therapy more researched by qualitative studies and with practice based and anecdotal evidence. Many studies suggest that the Therapeutic Alliance is the most important factor in people feeling better - basically working with someone you can genuinely bond with will help improve your symptoms.
How do I choose between different types of counselling and psychotherapy?
As a starting point the BACP website lists some therapies available in the UK (Below) or you can contact us to discuss your needs further. Adlerian Therapy Behavioural Therapy Brief Therapy Client Centred Counselling Cognitive Analytical Therapy CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) Cognitive Therapy DBT (Dialectical Behavioural Therapy) Eclectic Counselling EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing) Emotionally Focused Therapy Existential Therapy Family Therapy Gestalt Therapy Humanistic Therapy Integrative Therapy Jungian Therapy Mindfulness NLP (Neuro-Linguistic Programming) Person-Centred Therapy Primal Therapy Psychoanalysis Psychodynamic Psychotherapy/Counselling Psychosynthesis REBT (Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy) Re-Birthing Relationship Therapy Solution-Focused Brief Therapy Systemic Therapies Transactional Analysis Transpersonal Therapy